|Title||Magnetic record of deglaciation using FORC-PCA, sortable-silt grain size, andmagnetic excursion at 26 ka, fromthe Rockall Trough (NE Atlantic)|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2016|
|Authors||Channell, JET, Harrison, RJ, Lascu, I, McCave, IN, Hibbert, FD, Austin, WEN|
|Journal||Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems|
Core MD04-2822 from the Rockall Trough has apparent sedimentation rates of ∼ 1 m/kyr during the last deglaciation (Termination I). Component magnetization directions indicate a magnetic excursion at 16.3 m depth in the core, corresponding to an age of 26.5 ka, implying an excursion duration of ∼350 years. Across Termination I, the mean grain size of sortable silt implies reduced bottom-current velocity in the Younger Dryas and Heinrich Stadial (HS)−1A, and increased velocities during the Bølling-Allerød warm period. Standard bulk magnetic parameters imply fining of magnetic grain size from the mid-Younger Dryas (∼12 ka) until ∼ 8 ka. First-order reversal curves (FORCs) were analyzed using ridge extraction to differentiate single domain (SD) from background (detrital) components. Principal component analysis (FORC-PCA) was then used to discriminate three end members corresponding to SD, pseudo-single domain (PSD), and multidomain (MD) magnetite. The fining of bulk magnetic grain size from 12 to 8 ka is due to reduction in concentration of detrital (PSD + MD) magnetite, superimposed on a relatively uniform concentration of SD magnetite produced by magnetotactic bacteria. The decrease in PSD+MD magnetite concentration from 12 to 8 ka is synchronized with increase in benthic $δ$13C, and with major (∼70 m) regional sea-level rise, and may therefore be related to detrital sources on the shelf that had reduced influence as sea level rose, and to bottom-water reorganization as Northern Source Water (NSW) replaced Southern Source Water (SSW).